AT THE HEART OF THE ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF A COUNTRY?
There was the time when countries were considered to be rich once they extract geological materials from the earth including Coal, Silver and Gold but now Human resources development lies at the heart of economic, social and environmental development. It is also a vital component for achieving internationally agreed sustainable development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals, and for expanding opportunities to all people, particularly the most vulnerable groups and individuals in society.
Human resources development has been dened as empowering people by fostering the contributory capacities that they can bring to the improvement of their own quality of life and that of their families, communities, enterprises and societies. Over the years, the concept of human resources development has evolved from solely focusing on individual capacity to also building institutional capacity at the national level, through socio-economic policies and development plan and strategies. Human resources development is, therefore, regarded as facilitating the development of national human capacities to achieve sustainable, inclusive, equitable development and, at the same time, enhance the well-being of individuals. As such, human resources development strategies are increasingly part of national development planning and are crucial to enlighten policy.
As global labor markets both shape and adapt to the emerging occupational structures of growing economies, human resources development strategies must balance the demands of new employment sectors with the supply of required skill. Information and communication technology (ICT), “Green/Blue Economy”, and agricultural development, are among the most vital sectors for the socio-economic development in almost all countries. The need to enhance skills for emerging sectors (i.e., green growth, knowledge economy, intellectual property policy evaluation and management, etc.) has become particularly important in developing countries.
Now, living through 21st Century and its paradigm shift has given enormous opportunities to countries to expand its worth, wellbeing and economic stability through prociency of right decision at the right time with the right resource in a right way. ‘Time of survival’ has taken as a negative connotation for many professionals but with the advancement of new emerging skills countries and companies is now dependent upon their internal wellbeing as well. High the demand of managing ‘knowledge inventory resource’ would certainly increase the probability of survival of companies in complex scenarios. In this century, the talent management is globally challenging and for reason diverse ‘workforce retention action plans’ are implemented and plays an integral part of human resource management to concerned authorities.
A comprehensive, cross-sectoral and integrated human resources development approach that is sensitive to gender considerations and attuned to specific needs of the vulnerable population should be adopted, incorporating multiple vital areas, such as population, health, nutrition, water,sanitation, housing, communications, education and training, science and technology, and employment.
Conscious efforts should be made not to confine these dimensions of human resources development in separate ministries. Human resource s developmental so has respect for f undevepmental human rights, the rights of workers, and occupational safety and health considerations. Approaches that center on economic and nancial policies are threatened by the recent economic and nancial crises, so an international community paradigm which seeks the transformation of the whole society is needed. Furthermore, strategies for sustainable livelihoods must be grounded in local communities and governance structures, with full involvement of key representatives of civil society in transparent respect for unique geopolitical and cultural settings and diversity.
Sheikh Usman Ali